All About Kidney Disease

Kidneys are one of the most vital organs in the body as they perform a number of important functions that help in maintaining your overall health. The main job of kidneys is to filter waste as well as excess fluids from the blood. Kidney disease may cause complete kidney failure and a kidney transplant or dialysis treatments may be needed for an individual to stay alive. While there are a number of effective treatments available for many types of kidney diseases, many people are not aware of that kidney disease can be prevented.

As far as the leading causes of kidney failure are concerned, type II diabetes, as well as high blood pressure remains the leading causes. Kidney disease can often be slow down or prevented by controlling these diseases with the help of various treatments available today. There are a number of highly effective treatments available in the market to control high blood pressure.

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In addition to medications, certain healthy lifestyle changes such as regular exercise as well as weight loss often help in controlling and also preventing high blood pressure. There are a number of other natural treatments available today for controlling high blood pressure. Type II diabetes is also one of the leading causes of kidney disease but complications such as stroke, coronary heart disease and kidney disease can often be prevented by carefully controlling the level of blood sugar.

The third most common cause of kidney disease in the US is Glomerulonephritis. This disease leads to failure of the filtering units of the kidneys. As far as the causes of this disease is concerned, in most cases, it’s not known but some cases may be triggered by an infection and in other cases, this disease may be inherited. Some of the other common causes include infections in the kidney, kidney stones as well as various other inherited diseases. Misuse of some OTC painkillers as well as other illegal drugs may also lead to kidney damage.


It is estimated that one third of the population is at risk for kidney disease which means anyone can get this disease at any time. The good news is that if it is found and treated early, it can be slowed down as well as completely stopped. The problem is that most people suffering from early kidney disease do not show any symptoms. This is the reason that experts recommend getting tested regularly to make sure that you do not suffer from kidney disease. There are some simple tests available today for checking kidney disease.

One of the most common tests is a urine test called ACR which stands for albumin to creatinine ratio. Albumin is a type of protein and your body needs protein. In this test, the presence of this protein is tested in the urine. This protein should be in your blood and not in urine. If this protein is found in urine, it may indicate that the kidneys are not filtering the blood well enough. This indicates signs of early kidney disease.

If the first test comes back positive for the presence of this protein, this test should be repeated for confirming the results. Three tests should be done over a period of three months and if all three are positive, it is a sure sign of kidney disease.

Another common test performed for checking kidney disease is a blood test where the glomerular filtration rate (GMR) is calculated. Creatinine is a waste product created in the body and it comes from muscle tissue. If everything is fine with your body, the level of this waste product will be at normal levels.

However, when kidneys are not functioning as well as they should, this waste product is not removed adequately from the blood. Testing for the presence of this product in the blood is only the first step. A mathematical formula is used in which age, race and sex of an individual is used to calculate the filtration rate. This filtration rate gives an indication of the proper functioning of your kidneys.

As mentioned above, anybody can develop kidney disease at any time but certain categories of people are at a higher risk. The most common causes of kidney disease are high blood pressure and diabetes. High blood pressure and diabetes can be managed with the help of certain medications, regular exercise and a healthy diet.

Overall, a healthy lifestyle consisting of a balanced diet and regular exercise is one of the best ways to keep kidney disease at bay.

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